University of Hawaii at Manoa LibraryLibrary CatalogResearch ToolsAsk Us Skip to main content

Botany 101: Information literacy introduction: Citing & Styles in Peer Reviewed Journals

Anatomy of a Citation

Book Chapter:

Richards, J. F. 1990. Land transformation. Pages 163-178 in B. L.Turner, W. C. Clark, and W. B. Meyer, editors. The Earth as transformed by human action. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

  • Author is J.F. Richards
  • Year of publication is 1990
  • Title of the chapter is Land Transformation
  • Chapter is on pages 163-178
  • The chapter is in the book edited by Turner, Clark, and Meyer
  • Title of the book is The Earth as transformed by human action
  • The book was published by Cambridge University Press in Cambridge UK

Journal Article:

Diamond, J. M. 1975. The island dilemma: lessons of modern biogeographic studies for the design of nature reserves. Biological Conservation 7:129-146.

  • The author is J. M. Diamond
  • The publication date is 1975
  • The title of the article is The island dilemma: lessons of modern biogeographic studies for the design of nature reserves.
  • The journal title is Biological Conservation (this is what you might search for in Hawaii Voyager)
  • The article is in Volume 7 and pages 129-146

Citation Examples

The American Journal of Botany provides examples of the citation style recommended for your class, see Literature Cited Instruction (pdf)


Literature citations in text. The American Journal of Botany (as do science journals in general) asks that literature be cited in-text (rather than footnoted). An example:

Ashton et al., 2007; Brown, 2007; Jackson, 2005, 2008.