You will find the following pages:
About: What is the CiNii Article Database NII 論文情報ナビゲータ?
Searching: How to search the NII CiNii Articles Database: Simple Search & Advance Search
Search Tips: Keyword combinations and Boolean operators within the CiNii Articles Database
Boolean Operators page helps you understand how the Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT) works. Outside Link
Keywords separated by space(s)
Spaces are treated as "AND" ハワイ 観光 in the title search box searches ハワイ AND 観光
Input a phrase without any spaces. Example: ハワイ観光 returns only articles containing an exact phrase.
Phrase search for English language articles
Enclose a phrase in double quotations (" "). Example: "information processing" returns articles containing "computer information processing" "information processing society" etc. but NOT "processing and information" or "information on processing"
Exact phrase search
Enclose a phrase in slashes (/ /). Example: /バゼル山本/ in the author box returns records containing only 「バゼル山本」but NOT records containing 「バゼル 山本」
Use an asterisk (*) to search truncated English words. Example: "work*" will return "work" "worker" and "working" but NOT "homework."
You can use the Boolean operators in the CiNii Articles Database as follows:
Use space(s) or a symbol "&" Examples: ハワイ 観光 (space in between the words) or ハワイ&観光 returns records containing both ハワイ and 観光
Use a word OR between search words or a symbol "|" between search words. Example: ハワイ OR オアフ returns records containing ハワイ or オアフ
use a word NOT between search words. Example: ハワイ NOT 観光 returnds records containing ハワイ but excludes records containing 観光
You can prioritize Boolean search terms by using parentheses. Examples: A NOT (B & C) returns records containing A but not records containing B and C. (A NOT B) & C retuns records containing A and C but not records containing B.