The Bureau of the Census began as the Census Office within the Department of the Interior. It was transferred to the Department of Commerce and Labor in 1903. The Census began as the agency responsible for enumerating the population of the U.S. for apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives. Over the years, its charge has been enlarged to not only collect and analyze demographic data, but also to investigate the economic activities of the nation and even foreign countries.
Government Documents holds an extensive collection of historical Census publications that contain aggregate data in tabular form as well as special subject reports. Census surveys have covered population, housing, agriculture, mineral industries, business establishments, manufactures, governments, and other topics. Please contact a government documents librarian if you have questions about our holdings.
Historical and current aggregate data covering 1790-2010 from decennial censuses of population and housing is available on the Census Bureau web site. Unfortunately, not all of the Hawai`i census reports have been digitized. Most pre-1900 Census reports are also available in the U.S. Congressional Serial Set (UHM login required). Additional reports covering 1910-1932 are available in the Executive Branch Documents microfiche set.
We have complete sets of the Census of Population and Housing reports for 1970 on microfiche. Reports for 1980-2000 are available in print. We also have a variety of reports for economic censuses, censuses of manufactures, government, industries, agriculture, and other special tabulations.
United States decennial censuses of population, housing, and business for 1960 are available in print in Government Documents. 1900-1940 are available on microfilm (MICROFILM S11388-MICROFILM S11402).
A collection of Census non-decennial publications covering 1820-1967 is available on microfiche. It is indexed in Catalog of United States census publications, 1790-1972.
We also have a variety of general publications, handbooks, manuals, subject reports, maps, pamphlets, posters, CD-ROMs, and other Census materials. You may find Congressional hearings, reports, and documents about the Census Bureau using ProQuest Congressional (UHM login required).
Enumeration sheets list the individual members of each household and are commonly used by genealogy researchers. Hawaii census enumeration sheets are available in the Ancestry Library Edition database, which is accessible through the Hawaii State Public Library System if you have a library card, or you can purchase an individual subscription from Ancestry.com. We also have the enumeration forms on microfilm for the years 1900-1930:
1900: MICROFILM S00316
1910: MICROFILM S00880
1920: MICROFILM S10694
1930: MICROFILM S11479
View the Hawaii Censuses guide for more information.