This guide suggests GIS data sources and imagery provided by various agencies and organizations. The resources are grouped by ISO 19115 Topic Categories.
Definition: legal land descriptions; e.g., political and administrative boundaries.
Definition: rearing of animals and/or cultivation of plants; e.g., agriculture, irrigation, aquaculture, plantations, herding, pests and diseases affecting crops and livestock.
Definition: processes and phenomena of the atmosphere; e.g., cloud cover, weather, climate, atmospheric conditions, climate change, precipitation.
Definition: flora and/or fauna in natural environment; e.g., wildlife, vegetation, biological sciences, ecology, wilderness, sealife, wetlands, habitat.
Definition: economic activities, conditions and employment; e.g., production, labour, revenue, commerce, industry, tourism and ecotourism, forestry, fisheries, commercial or subsistence hunting, exploration and exploitation of resources such as minerals, oil and gas.
Definition: information used for appropriate actions for future use of the land; e.g., land use maps, zoning maps, cadastral surveys, land ownership.
Definition: characteristics of society and cultures; e.g., settlements, anthropology, archaeology, education, traditional beliefs, manners and customs, demographic data, recreational areas and activities, social impact assessments, crime and justice, census information.
Definition: height above or below sea level; e.g., altitude, bathymetry, digital elevation models, slope, derived products.
Definition: environmental resources, protection and conservation; e.g., environmental pollution, waste storage and treatment, environmental impact assessment, monitoring environmental risk, nature reserves, landscape.
Definition: information pertaining to earth sciences; e.g., geophysical features and processes, geology, minerals, sciences dealing with the composition, structure and origin of the earth’s rocks, risks of earthquakes, volcanic activity, landslides, gravity information, soils, permafrost, hydrogeology, erosion.
Definition: health, health services, human ecology, and safety; e.g., disease and illness, factors affecting health, hygiene, substance abuse, mental and physical health, health services.
Definition: base maps; e.g., land cover, topographic maps, imagery, unclassified images, annotations.
Definition: inland water features, drainage systems and their characteristics; e.g., rivers and glaciers, salt lakes, water utilization plans, dams, currents, floods, water quality, hydrographic charts.
Definition: features and characteristics of salt water bodies (excluding inland waters); e.g., tides, tidal waves, coastal information, reefs.
Definition: means and aids for conveying persons and/or goods; e.g., roads, airports/airstrips, shipping routes, tunnels, nautical charts, vehicle or vessel location, aeronautical charts, railways.