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Nursing: Evidence-Based Practice

Resources for professionalism and cultural competencies, as well as links to related government agencies.

IOWA Model of Evidence-Based Practice to Promote Quality Care

UHM Nursing has adopted the Iowa Model to guide the process of evidence-based practice. The phases of the Iowa Model are listed below.

  1. Recognize the existence of problems (trigger)
  2. Form a team
  3. Assemble relevant research and related literature
  4. Critique and synthesize research
  5. Determine the sufficiency of the research
  6. Determine if change is appropriate to adopt into practice
  7. Institute change if appropriate
  8. Monitor and analyze the structure, process, and outcome data
  9. Disseminate results throughout the unit or organization


Titler, M. G., Kleiber, C., Steelman, V. J., Rakel, B. A., Budreau, G., Everett, C. L. Q., ... Goode, C. J. (2001). The Iowa Model of Evidence-Based Practice to promote quality care. Critical Care Nursing Clinics Of North America, 13(4), 497-509. (PMID: 11778337)

General Resources

Evidence-based practice is an approach to the practice of nursing in which the nurse makes clinical decisions on the basis of the best available current research evidence relevant to the disease or condition being treated.

The Evidence-Based Practice Guide provides more information about EBP and resources for doing EBP.