1820: Missionaries arrived in Hawaiʻi and discouraged surfing, disapproving its gambling and sexual aspects. Protestant missionary Hiram Bingham I called surfing the pastime of "chattering savages." Surfing started to go into a decline, as Hawaiians replace their traditional pastimes with games introduced by the missionaries, and the newly introduced western diseases cause the Native Hawaiian population to decrease.
Summer 1885: Introducing surfing to California, Hawaiian princes Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole, David Kawānanakoa, and Edward Keliʻiahonui made their surfboards out of the local redwood and surfed at the San Lorenzo river mouth in Santa Cruz, California. During the 1880s, they attended Saint Matthew's School, a military school in San Mateo, California.
1907: The Redondo-Los Angeles Railroad Company sponsored George Freeth, originally from Hawaiʻi, to introduce surfing to California. Through his surfing classes for children and his demonstrations, surfing became popular in California. As a lifeguard, Freeth developed the rescue paddleboard and rescue can, and lifeguards still use these rescue equipment today.
1912: In southern California, Native Hawaiian athlete Duke Paoa Kahanamoku, known as the "father of modern surfing," demonstrated surfing to people in California, further popularizing the water sport. One of the fastest swimmers in the world, Kahanamoku visited California, during his trip to the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm, Sweden. At the Olympics, Kahanamoku won a gold medal in the 100-meter freestyle swimming competition and a silver medal in the 200-meter freestyle relay swimming competition.
1915: In Australia, Kahanamoku demonstrated surfing, popularizing it there. Afterwards, surfers were seen riding the waves at the beaches at Sydney, and the Australians developed their own form of surfing.
Suggested Search Terms
For articles relating to surfing, in the field ...with the words:, enter the query "surf ride" and choose 50 in the drop-down list between the word within and the phrase words of each other.
For articles relating to water sportsman Duke Paoa Kahanamoku, enter the query "duke kahanamoku" in the field ...with the phrase.
For articles relating to surfer George Freeth, enter the query "george freeth" in the field ...with the phrase.
Articles From Chronicling America
"Freeth Will Ride Atlantic Rollers"
The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, June 28, 1907, Image 6
"Freeth Surfing at Venice"
The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, August 02, 1907, Image 4
"Hawaiian Sports Shown for Nation's Defenders"
Evening bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1895-1912, October 19, 1908, 3:30 EDITION, Image 7
"Surf Riding Films Go To Coast"
Evening bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1895-1912, October 29, 1909, 3:30 EDITION, Image 9
"Smooth Sea Spoils Surfing Stunts"
Evening bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1895-1912, January 24, 1910, 3:30 EDITION, Image 7
"Surf Riding Is Fine"
The Bourbon news. (Paris, Ky.) 1895-19??, August 29, 1911, Image 8
"Surfing Craze Is Spreading on Mainland: Boards Now in Use at Most of the California Beaches, and Their Popularity Grows"
Honolulu star-bulletin., August 19, 1915, Noon Edition, Page TEN, Image 10