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The Compacts of Free Association are a series of treaties between the United States, the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), the Republic of Palau, and the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI). These treaties were partially established as compensation for the loss of life, health, land, and resources due to the numerous nuclear weapons tests on the Marshall Islands and Bikini and Enewetak Atolls issued by the U.S. from 1946 to 1958. The Compacts allow citizens of Micronesia to live and legally work in the U.S. without a visa, as well as have access to social and health services. In return, the U.S. has sole access and substantial amount of military and veto power over these islands that are are considered of strategic value.
Office of Insular Affairs
The Office of Insular Affairs of the U.S. Department of the Interior administers and oversees U.S. federal assistance provided to the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and the Republic of Palau under the Compacts of Free Association.
The Compact of Free Association (COFA): A History of Failures
Keola K. Diaz, M.A. in Pacific Island Studies, UHM
Through his M.A. thesis, Diaz explains the history of Micronesian migration to Hawaii for better work opportunities and health care through COFA.
Final Report of the Compacts of Free Association Task Force
Hawaii State Department of the Attorney General
This report goes over the following key issues involving COFA in Hawaii: funding, services to COFA immigrants, and more.
Compacts of Free Association: Issues Associated with Implementation in Palau, Micronesia, and the Marshall Islands
This 2016 GAO testimony to Congress analyzes Senate Bill 2610, which would change the schedule of assistance for Palau. "This testimony examines (1) the potential impact of the proposed legislation approving the 2010 Palau agreement, (2) challenges affecting implementation of the FSM and RMI compacts, and (3) migration from the FSM, RMI, and Palau and its impacts on U.S. areas. For this statement, GAO summarized previous reports issued in 2007 through 2013 and incorporated updated information from Palau, the Department of the Interior, and affected jurisdictions."