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Hawaiʻi - EA Hawaiian Activism Movements 1960-2010: Armed Forces


"The militarization of land has resulted in the alienation of Kānaka Maoli from their ancestral lands; the loss of subsistence and cultural resources; and the contamination of the air, land, and water with toxic waste, unexploded ordnance, and radiation" - Kyle Kajihiro

Kahoʻolawe 1976-1993

Mākua Evictions 1983-1996


H-3 Highway 1980s-1993

Quote Citation

Kajihiro, Kyle. “The Militarizing of Hawai‘i. Occupation, Accommodation, and Resistance.” In Asian Settler Colonialism, 170–194. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2018, 176.