Ua mau ke EA o ka ʻāina i ka pono
Ea; 1. n. Sovereignty, rule, independence.
2. n. Life, air, breath.
3. vi. To rise, go up, raise, become erect.
This research guide covers Hawaiian activism through movements across the pae ʻāina from 1960-2010, all in which define ea which furthermore defines how the modern Hawaiian in Hawaiʻi lives today. These critical moments that are covered all contribute to the quest for ea with every conscious kanaka awakened in these moments of history. This guide includes both battles that native Hawaiians have won and lost, and even some that are ongoing, however in each struggle our lāhui Hawaiʻi has come together to be a force against colonial institutions and a force that contributes to the complexities of ea.
This guide is not comprehensive of every single movement, struggle, and aloha ʻāina in Hawaiʻi since 1960, however it does hope to be a starting point for research about the different types of sovereignties that kānaka Hawaiʻi have and continue to exercise. These historical events have shaped the current political climate for the Hawaiian identity and has created leaders of the lāhui Hawaiʻi that have paved the way for the current and future generations of aloha ʻāina.
1968-Current UH Mānoa Ethnic Studies
1975 Niumalu Eviction
1975 Heʻeia Kea Eviction
1976-1993 US Naval Bombing of Kahoʻolawe
1978-1983 Hale Mohalu Eviction
1980 Sand Island Eviction
1980s-1993 H-3 Highway
1980s-1990s Wao Kele o Puna Geothermal
1985 Waimānalo Eviction
1987 & 1993 Makapuʻu Occupations
1990s- Current East Maui Water Struggle
1996 Rice vs. Cayetano
1999 Forbes Caves
2009 Akaka Bill
The tabs located at the top of this page are the categories of Hawaiian social movements that shape and are shaped by moves towards ea. Because this is not a comprehensive research guide, you can further your research by using the library’s discovery layer called OneSearch (main search bar on library homepage). This is an umbrella search that looks for materials on our library shelves and in many databases we may or may not subscribe to. To help you in your search, use the timeline of highlighted Hawaiian movements, highlighted organizations, and highlighted aloha ʻāina as keywords to find additional sources for your research.
Most of the titles in this research guide can be found physically at UHM's Hawaiian Collection and online either as a freely available resource or for UHM patrons only. The Hawaiian Collection is housed on the fifth floor of Hamilton Library. If you have any questions, concerns, or need any kōkua, email firstname.lastname@example.org. Please note, our library still has limited services due to COVID-19. Please see updates here.
As you are searching, please keep in mind of these strategies;
Created by Hinaikawaihiʻilei Keala
The creation of this research guide was in fulfillment of an internship under the LIS 690 course with UH Mānoa's Hawaiian Collection. Hina is a double masters student in Library and Information Sciences and Hawaiian Studies.
Greevy, Ed. "People, Not Profits - Huli." 31 March 1971. http://ulukau.org/apo/collect/edgreevy/index/assoc/D6.dir/02320-002-o9A.jpg
Marchers protest Kalama Valley evictions and threats to surf sites at this joint Save Our Surf (SOS)/Kōkua Hawaiʻi demonstration at the state capitol. Kōkua Hawaiʻi is the name the Kalama Valley eviction protesters gave to their organization.