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Art Research Guide: How To Use/Cite Images

Visual Resources Librarian

VRC, Department of Art and Art History's picture
VRC, Department of Art and Art History
Contact:
Office: 808.956.8781
Email: artvrc@hawaii.edu

Visual Resources Center (VRC)

University of Hawaii at Manoa
Department of Art and Art History
Art Building, Room 215

Using Images Without Violating Copyright


What is the purpose of use? Would the image be published? To be posted online?
Would it be used commercially? Or non-profit? Classroom use only?

 

Image downloaded from the Internet:

Does the website you downloaded the image from allow you to use the image for your purpose? You can find out copyright status by checking their "Terms of Use" or "About This Site" page. If you are not sure, contact the author of the website.

Is it in copyright? Ask the Genie.
Consult the Copyright Genie

 

Image scanned from a book/pubication:

Making digital images from a publication is only allowed under Fair Use of the U.S. Copyright Law. Make sure to write down the detailed information of the publication, then cite the source that you have scanned. 

  Check if your purpose of using the image is under Fair Use:

The Fair Use App

Fair Use Check List

Fair Use Evaluator

 

See also Understanding Image Licenses

How to Cite an Image

Just like you cite texual source, you need to cite the source for any image in your paper, thesis or presentation.

When citing a digital image of an artwork or highly creative work, be aware that you need to cite both the physical object information, and the digital image source. The basic information for an artwork image should include:

- Artist's name
- Title of the work
- Date of creation
- Location or repository (museum or site where the work is housed)
- ID number (museum inventory number, etc.), if applicable
- Digital image source (name and URL of the Website, database, publication and publisher for a scanned image; photographer if applicable, etc.)
- Date of access
- Copyright information for the digital image (use the copyright symbol (c) if applicable)

* The bold letters indicate the digital image source.
 

Example (for an image downloaded from the Web or database):

Rousseau, Henri. The Ship in the Storm. 1896. MusÈe de l'Orangerie, Paris, France. Retrieved May 4, 2015, from ARTstor (http://www.artstor.org), LESSING_ART_10310751655.

Example (for an image scanned from a publication):

Rousseau, Henri. The Ship in the Storm. 1896. Musee de l'Orangerie, Paris, France. 
Fresches, Claire et al. Henri Rousseau: Jungles in Paris. Washington, DC: National Gallery of Art, 2006, pg. 232. Print.


Full citations include the work's dimensions, material or medium, country of origin and provenance. Check also with your instructor which writing style (MLA, APA, Chicago, etc.) is preferred for your citations.

 

See more citation examples:

ARTstor also provides citation examples based on the standards by the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).

 

For moving image and sound citations:

See Audiovisual Citation: BUFVC Guidlines For Referencing Moving Image and Sound

 

 

Exporting Citations from ARTstor

ARTstor has an exporting feature for image citations, including exporting directly to citation tools such as EndNote or RefWorks. You can also save your image citations under your ARTstor account.

For more information about citing images from ARTstor, go to: ARTstor Help > Citing

The video below made by the Texas State University Library shows how to export image citations from ARTstor to RefWorks, which can apply to EndNote users.

Digital Image Use Workshop at UHM

The workshop "Digital Image Use 101" is held in the beginning of each semester. See the Prezi presentation to learn how to find and use images from the Internet. The handout is available for download above.

 

Next Workshop

Designed for graduate students & faculty

TBA

Please contact artvrc@hawaii.edu for workshops and tutorials.

Featured Book For Citing Images

MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (2009) is available at the Hamilton Library.
Check the Chapter 5 for citing images.

How to Cite a Creative Commons Image on a Website

 
Youtube video by drezac.


Watch on Youtube here