Breadnut (Artocarpus camansi) is native to New Guinea and possibly parts of Indonesia and the Philippines. It is the wild, ancestral form of breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis). Apparently, Pacific islanders did not carry breadnut on their early voyages, and it is currently not commonly grown in the Pacific other than on its native islands. Breadfruit, on the other hand, was spread throughout the region beginning around 3,000 years ago.
Breadfruit continues to be an important staple crop and a central part of traditional Pacific agroforestry systems. Breadfruit is cultivated on most Pacific islands as a home garden or subsistence crop. It is also sold in local markets either as a fresh fruit or processed into chips.
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